Общественное Объединение Сеть экспертов устойчивого развития Центральной Азии
TRAININGS ON DISSEMINATION OF AVAILABLE CLIMATE-RESISTANT TECHNOLOGIES AT THE LOCAL LEVEL IN CENTRAL ASIA
The countries of Central Asia are among the most vulnerable to climate change. Climate change affects the well-being of 72 million people in the region. Rural populations are most vulnerable to climate stress, droughts, limited access to water and energy resources, and declining biodiversity.
At the same time, farmers, and especially in female-headed households, have a great need for practical knowledge about inexpensive and accessible adaptation technologies that allow growing and maintaining crops with a lack of irrigation water, deteriorating quality of land resources and the growth of plant diseases.
In order to improve knowledge exchange and help local communities to adapt to climate change, the Regional Environmental Center for Central Asia (CAREC) within the framework of the World Bank project and the Executive Committee of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea “Program for Adaptation to Climate Change and Mitigation of Its Consequences in the Basin Aral Sea ”(CAMP4ASB), in cooperation with the Network of Experts for Sustainable Development of Central Asia (NESDCA), it is planned to conduct a series of practical trainings, at which, depending on local conditions and needs, classes will be held on the use of various technologies. More than 700 representatives of small farmers and households, small and medium enterprises, local communities, associations and NGOs are expected to take part in the trainings.
For example, rainwater harvesting and drip irrigation technologies will be presented in Turkmenistan and Kyrgyzstan. In most mountainous areas, due to the lack of irrigation water, many families are unable to use fertile land suitable for growing vegetables and fruits. To this end, the trainers of the project will present to the participants of the trainings technologies for the construction of reservoirs for collecting rain and spring water, in a package with drip irrigation systems for irrigating gardens and vegetable gardens.
In Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, trainings will be held on the use of simple technologies for heating houses, greenhouses, chicken coops and cooking: solar collectors, fuel briquettes, solar ovens. For example, making fuel briquettes from leaves and garbage, agricultural waste is a simple technology, reduces the consumption of wood and coal and provides the rural population with cheaper and more environmentally friendly fuel than coal for heating households and cooking.
In the photo: The process of making vermicompost.
Deforestation and desertification in Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, caused by human activities and climate change, also have a negative impact on the living conditions of local communities associated with drylands. To reduce such a negative impact, project experts will conduct trainings on modern methods of growing pistachios and other fruit trees in drought conditions, the use of a set of devices based on solar panels to protect young plants from livestock.
Detailed information on conducting trainings in countries can be obtained from:
1. Republic of Kazakhstan - Bulat Esekin,
2. Republic of Kyrgyzstan - Evgeniya Postnova,
3. Republic of Tajikistan - Yuri Skochilov,
4. Republic of Turkmenistan - Serdar Mamedniyazov,
5. Republic of Uzbekistan - Artur VAKHITOV,
The Program on Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the Aral Sea Basin (CAMP4ASB) is a five-year CAREC project funded by the World Bank, partners of which are the Executive Committee of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea (EC IFAS), as well as National Partners of Central Asia. The main goal of the project is to provide access to information services on climate change for key stakeholders in Central Asia, as well as to increase investment and capacity building activities that can address the challenges of climate change.
CAREC, within the framework of this project, is responsible for the implementation of the regional component, which is aimed at strengthening the knowledge base and capacity to combat climate change, as well as facilitating regional dialogue.